Interband & Quantum Cascade Lasers - Technologies, Market Trends and Applications (2021)
帶間級聯雷射光器 (ICL) - 量子級聯雷射光器 (QCL) 在中紅外區域提供相干和高功率輻射， 紅外保護、高分辨率氣體光譜、化學傳感 > 是必不可少。
由於許多優點，級聯雷射光器有望迅速成熟並在大容量應用中建立起來。特別是，由於ICL/QCL具有半導體特性，因此預計該技術將得到極大發展並變得更便宜，就像 LED/VCSEL 的情況一樣。
但動態增長沒有完全實現。雷射光器仍然很昂貴（每個幾千美元），潛在的 "殺手級" 應用還沒有出現。級聯雷射光器主要用於利基應用。
本報告採訪的大部分ICL/QCL廠商認為，限制級聯雷射光器大規模市場發展的主要瓶頸是缺乏 "殺手級應用" 。
多方面研究以找到這些行業： ICL/QCL 相關公司的商業和財務信息，雷射光傳感市場近期併購概述，級聯雷射光雷射光器 當前資助的項目調查歐盟和美國政府在該領域以及最近批准的專利修訂已經對級聯激光器市場的未來得出了明確的結論。
級聯雷射光器在工業和環境應用中非常受歡迎，在這些應用中，可以對主要過程控制氣體（如 CO、CO2、CH4、H2O、SOx、NOx 和污染物）進行高速在線和在線監測。此外，它已成為防務關係中最新對策系統不可或缺的一部分。但是，目前的情況是，其他分析器的引入並沒有太大進展。
主要原因與成本和尺寸有關。截至2020年，平均容量約為75,000cm3，重量約為30-40kg。因此，CL 設備的小型化是 CL 系統廣泛採用的一個基本要素。
本報告將 ICL/QCL 技術與主要競爭對手進行比較，以便為被調查公司繪製適當的市場情況。
AdTech Optics, Alpes Lasers, Block Engineering, Daylight Solutions, Pendar Technologies, Hamamatsu Photonics, mirSense, Nanoplus GmbH, Pranalytica, IRGlare LLC, QuantaSpec, Thorlabs, Sumitomo Electric, Quantiox GmbH, Forward Photonics LLC, LD-PD INC, Intraband LLC、Sacher Lasertechnik、LongWave Photonics、Lytid、Akela Laser Corporation、VIGO System、Roithner Lasertechnik、U-Oplaz Technologies、Stratium Limited、IQE、Compound Semiconductor Technologies Global
RedShiftBio, Gasera, Bruker, Thermo Fisher, Emerson, Airoptic, Neoplas control, Northrop Grumman, LSE Monitors, Aerodyne Research, Physical Sciences Inc, Picarro, Quantared Technologies, Toshiba, Horiba, IRsweep, Eralytics, AP2E, AVL Emission Test Systems GmbH、LaserMaxDefence、Neo Monitors、Kittiwake Procal、Wavelengths Electronics、Diehl Defense、Los Gatos、Cemtek KVB-Enertec、Boreal Laser、Emsys Maritime Ltd、DiaMonTech AG、KNESTEL GmbH、Healthy Photon、MIRO Analytical Technologies AG、Leonardo DRS 等.
Enthusiastic forecasts for the broad adoption of Interband and Quantum Cascade Lasers have not fully materialized in the recent years. The following market study investigates the current maturity of Cascade Lasers and evaluate their capabilities for further growth in a competitive market environment.
Interband and Quantum Cascade Lasers (ICLs and QCLs) offer coherent and high power radiation in the mid-infrared range, which is crucial for infrared countermeasures, high-resolution gas spectroscopy and chemical sensing.
Due to many advantages, Cascade Lasers were expected to mature quickly and to settle in large volume applications. Especially the semiconductor nature of ICLs and QCLs gave hope to make this technology largely scalable and cheap, as it happened with LEDs and VCSELs in the past.
Dynamic growth have not fully materialized in the last years. The price of lasers still remains high (around few thousand dollars per piece), and the potentially "killer" applications have not come yet. Cascade Lasers can be mainly found in niche applications.
The reason for that lies both in the technical bottlenecks, but also in the market which has not been ready to implement CL technology. The customers were very conservative and there were many other competitive techniques to choose from. Now the perspectives for adoption are brighter.
All bottlenecks preventing the wider use of Cascade Laser technologies are deeply discussed in this Report. The study provides market forecasts from 2020 to 2026 and also describes all main players to answer the question if the market disruption can finally occur.
Most of the ICL and QCL manufacturers interviewed for the purpose of this Report claim that the main bottleneck limiting a large Cascade Lasers market opening is lack of "killer application". In their shared opinion the technological constraints are not as meaningful as the lack of big player that could incorporate Cascade Lasers in high volume sensors.
So far, ICLs and QCLs have been used in the following cases:
However, it has been reported that the ICLs and QCLs stand out from other photonic sources by their unique competitive advantages:
This report not only details why these features have not translated into large market success but also analyzes all promising applications that could finally make Cascade Laser technology widely used in the next years.
Many aspects have been studied to find these sectors: business and financial information of ICL- and QCL-related companies, overview of recent mergers and acquisitions on the laser and sensing market, examination of currently funded projects by the EU and US government in the field of Cascade Lasers and lasers, and revision of recently acknowledged patents. This allowed to draw a clear conclusions for the future of Cascade Lasers market.
Cascade Lasers has been very well adopted in Industrial and Environment applications where they can offer fast in-line and on-line monitoring of main process control and pollution gases: CO, CO2, CH4, H2O, SOx, NOx etc. They are also vital in Defense use serving for modern countermeasure systems. However, the adoption in other analyzers is not as wide.
The report shows that the main issue behind that was related to cost and size. Footprint and weight of CL instruments has not been really reduced in the past years. In 2020 the average volume was still about 75 000 cm3 and the weight around 30-40 kg. That is why miniaturization of CL instruments is likely to be an inherent part of the broader adoption of CL systems.
Until Cascade Lasers were developed, the mainstream mid-IR solution for spectroscopic applications was either FT-IR, which utilizes an interferometer plus white light derived from ceramics/ tungsten, or dispersive infrared spectroscopy, in which a diffraction grating is used. Recently, an IR-based photoacoustic detection is getting more and more was popularity.
However, there are also other non-photonic analyzers that grow and pose new thread for CL-based solutions. These are: NIR TDLAS, NIR CRDS, NDIR, Raman, ChemFET, MOS, chromatography, mass spectroscopy, PID/FID, Paramagnetic Detectors (PMD), Chemiluminescence, Pellistor, and Electrochemical sensing. There are also methods using 2D imaging instead of single point detection, the most common being hyperspectral imaging.
This Report compares ICL and QCL technologies with main competition in order to draw a proper market landscape for all recipients of the study.
AdTech Optics, Alpes Lasers, Block Engineering, Daylight Solutions, Pendar Technologies, Hamamatsu Photonics, mirSense, Nanoplus GmbH, Pranalytica, IRGlare LLC, QuantaSpec, Thorlabs, Sumitomo Electric, Quantiox GmbH, Forward Photonics LLC, LD-PD INC, Intraband LLC, Sacher Lasertechnik, LongWave Photonics, Lytid, Akela Laser Corporation, VIGO System, Roithner Lasertechnik, U-Oplaz Technologies, Stratium Limited, IQE, Compound Semiconductor Technologies Global.
RedShiftBio, Gasera, Bruker, Thermo Fisher, Emerson, Airoptic, Neoplas control, Northrop Grumman, LSE Monitors, Aerodyne Research, Physical Sciences Inc, Picarro, Quantared Technologies, Toshiba, Horiba, IRsweep, Eralytics, AP2E, AVL Emission Test Systems GmbH, LaserMaxDefence, Neo Monitors, Kittiwake Procal, Wavelengths Electronics, Diehl Defence, Los Gatos, Cemtek KVB-Enertec, Boreal Laser, Emsys Maritime Ltd, DiaMonTech AG, KNESTEL GmbH, Healthy Photon, MIRO Analytical Technologies AG, Leonardo DRS and many more.